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Автор Тема: Вышла в свет очередная европейская классификация геостационарных объектов  (Прочитано 9381 раз)
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« : 06 Февраль 2008, 16:46:39 »

Dear colleagues,

Please find attached issue 10 of our annual "Classification of geosynchronous
objects" giving the status of all catalogued objects near GEO as of 31 Dec
2007. If you prefer to receive the original postscript file or if you would
like to be taken from the distribution list, please let me know. If you
prefer to have a paper copy sent, please send me your mail address (JC and
Lyubov: you'll get your paper copy anyhow). Any comments or suggestions are
welcome.

Best regards,

Rüdiger Jehn
Space Debris Office
ESOC, Robert Bosch Strasse 5, 64293 Darmstadt, Germany
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« Ответ #1 : 06 Февраль 2008, 16:50:17 »

4 TABLE 2: OBJECTS WITHOUT TLES DURING THE LAST 6 MONTHS
4.7 Unidentified objects

In this list there are 146 objects which were observed repeatedly by ground based telescopes but which were not finally correlated to a specific launch (i.e their origin is not determined yet with the required reliability).
 
The listed orbits are produced from measurements obtained in 2007. They are a joint product of the wide cooperation of organizations including:

• Center on collection, processing and analysis of information on space debris at the Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics of the Russian Academy of Sciences (KIAM RAS, Moscow, Russia),

• International scientific observation facilities network (ISON) coordinated by KIAM RAS and including the following observatories:

– Crimean Astrophysical Observatory (Nauchny and Simeiz facilities, Ukraine),

– Ussuriysk Astrophysical Observatory of the Far East branch of the RAS (Gornotayozhnoye, Russia),

– Ulugbek Astronomical Observatory (Maidanak and Kitab facilities, Uzbekistan),

– National Astronomical Observatory (Abastumani, Georgia),

– National observatory of Bolivia (Tarija),

– Observation facility of the PGU (Tiraspol),

– Observatory of the Institute for Astrophysics of Tajikistan (Gissar),

– Terskol observatory of the Institute for Astronomy of the RAS (INASAN) (North Caucasus, Russia)

– Central (Pulkovo) Astronomical Observatory of the RAS (St.Petersburg, Russia),

– Odessa State University Astronomical Observatory (Mayaki, Ukraine),

– Observation facility of IKIR of the Far East branch of the RAS (Paratunka, Kamchatka peninsula, Russia)

• Astronomical Institute of the University of Bern, partner of the ISON, operating the following facilities:

– Zimmerwald observatory (Switzerland)

– ESOC Teide observatory (Tenerife, Spain)
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« Ответ #2 : 10 Февраль 2008, 18:36:49 »

Класификатор доступен по ссылке:
http://lfvn.astronomer.ru/report/0000028/index.htm
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« Ответ #3 : 10 Февраль 2009, 21:56:17 »

Вышла в свет 11-я европейская классификация геостационарных объектов

Dear colleagues,

Please find attached issue 11 of our annual "Classification of geosynchronous objects" giving the status of all catalogued objects near GEO as of 31 Dec 2008. If you prefer to receive the original postscript file or if you would like to be taken from the distribution list, please let me know. If you prefer to have a paper copy sent, please send me your mail address (JC and Lyubov: you'll get your paper copy anyhow). Any comments or suggestions are welcome.

Best regards,

Rьdiger Jehn
Space Debris Office
ESOC, Robert Bosch Strasse 5, 64293 Darmstadt, Germany
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« Ответ #4 : 15 Февраль 2009, 10:35:01 »


Вот она: http://lfvn.astronomer.ru/report/0000045/index.htm

И традиционно нам там есть благодарность:

4.7. Unidentified objects

The listed orbits are derived from measurements obtained in 2008. They are a joint product of the wide cooperation of organizations including:
Center on collection, processing and analysis of information on space debris at the Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics of the Russian Academy of Sciences (KIAM RAS, Moscow, Russia),
International scientific observation facilities network (ISON) coordinated by KIAM RAS and including the following observatories:
Crimean Astrophysical Observatory (Nauchny and Simeiz facilities, Ukraine),
Ussuriysk Astrophysical Observatory of the Far East branch of the RAS (Gornotayozhnoye, Russia),
Ulugbek Astronomical Observatory (Maidanak and Kitab facilities, Uzbekistan),
National Astronomical Observatory (Abastumani, Georgia),
National observatory of Bolivia (Tarija),
Observation facility of the PGU (Tiraspol),
Observatory of the Institute for Astrophysics of Tajikistan (Gissar),
Terskol observatory of the Institute for Astronomy of the RAS (IN AS AN) (North Caucasus, Russia)
Central (Pulkovo) Astronomical Observatory of the RAS (St.Petersburg, Russia),
Odessa State University Astronomical Observatory (Mayaki, Ukraine),
Observation facility Milkovo (Kamchatka peninsula, Russia)
Astronomical Institute of the University of Bern.
Zimmerwald observatory (Switzerland)
ESOC Teide observatory (Tenerife, Spain)
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« Ответ #5 : 15 Февраль 2009, 20:48:15 »

http://www.satobs.org/seesat/Feb-2009/0306.html

ESA REPORT #11
From: Greg Roberts
Date: Sun Feb 15 2009 - 09:47:23 UTC

---------------------------------------------------------
Good morning

Rather a long posting but I hope of interest.

Every year around about February the Space Debris Office of the European Space Operations Centre, run by ESA, releases a report called CLASSIFICATION OF GEOSYNCHRONOUS OBJECTS.

Several years ago the amateur high altitude fratenity adopted the satellites in this report that fall under the UNKNOWN category.

Initially the observation/radio success rate was low as most of these objects are small and thus faint. However as the groups
capabilities have improved so has the success rate so that today probably less than a dozen have still to be located and tracked. In most cases this failure to locate is because we have no observers in certain regions or the satellites may be frequently moved.

Introducing these satellites into the amateur catalog possed a problem since it introduced yet another naming convention. In
an attempt to minimize this once an ESA object had been tracked and its real identity determined, it was added under its correct
name into the catalog. For those objects that could not be associated with any particular launch the number 96*** appears
in the so-called CLASSFD.TLE maintained by the observational amateurs.

Although the element database is called CLASSFD.TLE not all objects are classified. The database is essentially a collection of elements for satellites that are not in the public domain or do not appear in the public SPACETRACK catalog for one or other reason.

The motivation behind the ESA reports are simply to have as complete a representation of what happens in the GEO belt as possible.This area is becoming terribly over crowded and the situation is not improving. There is a real danger posed by objects in this region for which data is not in the public domain or available to satellite operators at a minimum. This was vividly highlighted by the DSP-F23 incident which is not yet over and will present a threat for many years to come, so it is becoming increasingly obvious that one cannot allow the luxury of secret objects in orbit if they present a threat to any other satellite.

Even when satellites are known collisions are inevitable as we have just seen with the IRIDIUM/COSMOS crash. In this case a major slip-up probably occurred as the IRIDIUM satellite should have been able to move to avoid it but since such an incident had not knowingly occurred before vigilance was a little lax. I dont think this will be the case in future., but with "unknown" satellites flying about how does one take evasive action?

Anyway be that as it may....

ESA REPORT #11 has enabled the amateurs to correct several errors as well as add new objects and I believe the summary below is a reasonably accurate representation of the current situation. I suspect there may still be some errors and welcome corrections.

Whilst it has been possibly to provide identities for many of the ESA objects some remain unknown . The ESA report gives a list of objects that are known to have been orbited but have not yet been identified so many of these objects are no doubt present in the ESA catalog of unknown objects. Some of these objects are bright ( brighter than magnitude +12) so are obviously reasonably big objects and probably the main payload, others flash at various rates so could be rocket bodies or other large debri. Many of the objects are small - like telescope dust covers,cooler covers,entry baffle covers,array restraint
cables etc - and are difficult to observe. Typically a 16th magnitude object at geo distance is around 1/2 metre in size. Sometimes the orbital period is also an indication of an operational payload.

In the table below is the current situation for the amateur network and amateur elements,based on amateur observations, are maintained.

The first colum is the amateur designation for an ESA object. ESA use UI001 to represent UNKNOWN OBJECT 001. The amateurs have replaced the UI by 96 so pretty straight forward.

The second column gives the International Designation number

The third column is the COSPAR identification

The fourth column is the amateur designation which has been in use for many years , ie 90 followed by a sequential number

The final column identifies the object, if identity known

========================================================================

96001 26880 01033A  90031     DSP F21 USA 159
96002                         not yet observed
96003 90066 05667A  90066     Unknown 050616
96004 26356 00024A  90033     DSP F20 USA 149
96005                         observed
96006                         observed
96007 26635 00080A  90043     SDS 3F2 USA 155 GREAT BEAR
96008 23223 94054A  90054     MERCURY 1 USA 105
96009 10941 78058A            VORTEX 1
96010                         observed   
96011                         observed
96012                         observed
96013 27169 02001B            MILSTAR 5 r
96014 90049 05605C  90049     Unknown 050415
96015                         observed
96016 90048 05605B  90048     Unknown 050415
96017 90030 05544A  90030     Unknown 050213
96018 19976 89035A  90055     VORTEX 6
96019                         observed 
96020                         observed 
96021 90008 00838A  90008     Unknown 001203
96022                         observed 
96023 11558 79086A  90051     VORTEX 2
96024 90075 05605D  90075     Unknown 050415
96025                         observed
96026 14675 84009A  90053     VORTEX 4
96027                         observed
96028                         observed
96029                         observed
96030 18583 87097A  90071     DSP F13 USA 28
96031                         observed 
96032                         observed
96033                         not yet observed
96034 15453 84129A            DSP F12 USA 7
96035 05204 71039A            DSP F2
96036 04376 70032A            INTELSAT-3F7
96037 14930 84037A  90003     DSP F11
96038                         observed 
96039                         observed
96040                         observed
96041                         not yet observed
96042 90073 07569A  90073     Unknown 070310
96043 05851 72010A            DSP F3
96044                         not yet observed
96045 12339 81025A  90050     DSP F9
96046 13086 82019A            DSP F10
96047                         observed
96048 06691 73040A  90002     DSP F4
96049                         observed   
96050                         observed
96051 90074 06585B  90074     Unknown 060326
96052 08916 76059A  90041     DSP F6
96053 11397 79053A  90069     DSP F8
96054                         observed   
96055                         observed
96056 08482 75118A  90072     DSP F5
96057 09803 77007A  90067     DSP F7
96058                         observed 
96059                         observed
96060                         observed
96061                         observed
96062                         observed
96063 27168 02001A            MILSTAR 5 (MILSTAR-2F3 USA 164)
96064 27712 03012B            MILSTAR 6 r
96065 25967 99063A  90036     UFO F10 USA 146
96066 22915 93074A  90042     DSCS 3-8 USA 97
96067                         not yet observed
96068 23132 94035A            UFO F3 USA 104
96069 22787 93056A  90034     UFO F2 USA 95
96070                         observed
96071                         observed
96072 27938 03041B            USA 171 r
96073 23855 96026A  90016     MERCURY 2 USA 118
96074 25336 98029A  90013     MENTOR 2 USA 139
96075 90005 99804A  90005     Unknown 991031
96076                         observed
96077                         observed 
96078                         observed
96079                         observed 
96080                         observed
96081                         observed
96082                         observed
96083 20929 90095A            DSP F15 USA 65
96084                         observed 
96085                         observed
96086                         not yet observed
96087                         not yet observed
96088                         observed
96089                         observed
96090 90022 04764A  90022     Unknown 040920
96091                         observed
96092 20963 90097B  90063     SDS2 F2 USA 67
96093                         observed
96094                         observed
96095                         observed
96096 12046 80087A  90029     FLEETSATCOM 4
96097 15543 85010B  90037     MAGNUM 1 USA 8
96098 11890 80060A            EKRAN 5
96099                         not yet observed
96100                         not yet observed
96101 10669 78016A            FLEETSATCOM 1
96102                         observed
96103                         observed
96104                         DSCS 3-11 
96105 26575 00065A            DSCS 3-12 USA 153
96106 27691 03008A  90035     DSCS 3-13 USA 167
96107 27875 03040A  90024     DSCS 3-14 USA 170
96108 28158 04004A            DSP F22
96109 27711 03012A            MILSTAR 6 (MILSTAR-2F4) USA 169
96110                         not yet observed
96111 25258 98016A            UFO F8 USA 138
96112 26715 01009A            MILSTAR 4 (MILSTAR-2F3) USA 157
96113 25501 98058A            UFO F9 USA 140
96114                         GEOLITE ? not yet observed
96115                         DSCS ? not yet observed
96116 23967 96042A            UFO F7 USA 127
96117 28117 03057A  90038     UFO F11 USA 174
96118 27937 03041A            MENTOR 3 USA 171
96119                         not yet observed
96120                         DSCS 3-F7
96121 23467 95003A            UFO F4 USA 108
96122 23589 95027A  90009     UFO F5 USA 111
96123                         DSCS 3-F6
96124 23712 95060A            MILSTAR 2 (MILSTAR DFS-2) USA 115
96125 24737 97008A            DSP F18 USA 130
96126                         observed   
96127                         not yet observed
96128 23567 95022A            MENTOR 1
96129 12930 81107A            VORTEX 3
96130 20253 89077A            FLEETSATCOM 8 USA 46
96131                         not yet observed
96132                         observed
96133 21805 91080B  90068     DSP F16 USA 75
96134                         FLTSATCOM-7
96135 13637 82106B            DSCS 3-F1
96136 20355 89090B            MAGNUM 2 USA 48
96137                         observed
96138                         not yet observed
96139 90007 00653A  90007     Unknown 080229
96140 29242 06024C  90078     MiTEx U/S r USA 189
96141 32287 07054A            DSP F23 USA 197
96142 22988 94009A  90023     MILSTAR 1 (MILSTAR DFS-1) USA 99
96143                         not yet observed
96144                         observed
96145                         observed
96146 90076 07761A  90076     Unknown 070918
96147 32288 07054B            USA 197 r
96148                         not yet observed
96149                         not yet observed 
96150                         not yet observed 
96151       01046A            SDS 3-F3 USA 162
96152       07046A            WGS-F1 USA 195


As Bugs Bunny (I think?) used to say "Thas all Folks!"

Cheers
Greg
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« Ответ #6 : 17 Февраль 2009, 15:28:25 »

Цитата: Liss
Несколько замечаний в результате беглого просмотра 11-го издания.

1. Неудачно сформулирован Abstract. Он начинается с заявления, что TLE имеются для 970 околостационарных объектов, однако при внимательном чтении выясняется, что для шести из них в действительности элементов давно уже нет и что на самом деле они перечислены не в разделе 3, а в разделе 4.
2. Объект U.56 (GOES-7 AKM) ошибочно классифицирован как Debris (стр. 99);
3. Как и ранее, взаимоотношения между таблицами объектов без TLE (управляемыми и неуправляемыми) и таблицами "неидентифицированных" объектов UI остаются темными. Вполне можно было бы прямо написать, что 38 спутников и одна ступень из тех, для которых не выдаются TLE, входят в число 152 объектов типа UI, и дать таблицу соответствия.
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« Ответ #7 : 17 Февраль 2009, 15:29:57 »

Цитата: Ruediger
thanks for putting the document in the internet. And also thanks for your comments. From the 970 objects with TLEs, 964 have recent TLEs and 6 have obsolete TLEs. I am already discussing with Vladimir about a new format for objects without recent TLEs. Next years' issue will probably look different. And yes the GOES 7 AKM must be classified as rocket body. Spasiba for your help!
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« Ответ #8 : 08 Февраль 2010, 20:56:40 »

Вышла в свет 12-я классификация геостационарных объектов. Кому нужно - пишите, перешлю.

Dear colleagues,

Please find attached issue 12 of our annual report "Classification of
geosynchronous objects" giving the status of all catalogued objects near GEO
as of 31 Dec 2009. If you would like to be taken from the distribution list,
please let me know. If you prefer to have a paper copy sent, please send me
your mail address (JC and Lyubov: you'll get your paper copy anyhow). Any
comments or suggestions are welcome.

Best regards,

Rüdiger Jehn
Space Debris Office
ESOC, Robert Bosch Strasse 5, 64293 Darmstadt, Germany

Там есть и такие слова:

The listed orbits are produced from measurements obtained in 2009. They are a joint product of the
wide cooperation of organizations including:
• Center on collection, processing and analysis of information on space debris at the Keldysh Institute
of Applied Mathematics of the Russian Academy of Sciences (KIAM RAS, Moscow, Russia),
• International scientific observation facilities network (ISON) coordinated by KIAM RAS and including
the following observatories:
– Crimean Astrophysical Observatory (Nauchny and Simeiz facilities, Ukraine),
– Ussuriysk Astrophysical Observatory of the Far East branch of the RAS (Gornotayozhnoye,
Russia),
– Terskol observatory of the Institute for Astronomy of the RAS (INASAN) (North Caucasus,
Russia),
– Ulugbek Astronomical Observatory (Kitab facilitiy, Uzbekistan),
– Observation facilities operated by ”NPP ”Proekt-tekhnika”, JSC:
  ∗ Blagoveshchensk (Amur region, Russia),
  ∗ Milkovo (Kamchatka peninsula, Russia),
  ∗ Artem (Primorsky region, Russia),
– Andrushivka Observatory (Ukraine),
– National Astronomical Observatory (Abastumani, Georgia),
– National observatory of Bolivia (Tarija),
– Observation facility of the PGU (Tiraspol),
– Observatory of the Institute for Astrophysics of Tajikistan (Gissar),
– Odessa State University Astronomical Observatory (Mayaki, Ukraine),
– Central (Pulkovo) Astronomical Observatory of the RAS (St.Petersburg, Russia),
• Joint Italian-Russian telescope FIRST at Collepardo observation facility (Italy)
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« Ответ #9 : 08 Февраль 2010, 23:17:44 »

Вышла в свет 12-я классификация геостационарных объектов

Вот она:  

http://lfvn.astronomer.ru/files/COGO-issue12.pdf
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« Ответ #10 : 10 Февраль 2010, 09:50:01 »

http://satobs.org/seesat/Feb-2010/0009.html

I have newly correlated 67 objects classified as UI (unidentified) in Classification of Geosynchronous Objects (COGO), Issue 11, and identified them as a specific piece from their launch. Corrections of 5 previous independent identifications are proposed. This increases the total number of identified objects to 140, out of 152 originally reported as unidentified.

My report is available here:

http://satobs.org/seesat_ref/IDCOGO11/Identification_of_UI_Objects_in_COGO_11.pdf

The proposed changes to the IDs we use are summarized here:

http://satobs.org/seesat_ref/IDCOGO11/GEO_ID_Change_Report.pdf

Drafts of my findings have been circulated with key observers and analysts over the past couple of weeks. I believe that the emerging consensus is that we will wait for COGO 12 to appear (typically around February), and see what new identifications the experts propose, reconcile any differences with this study, and then switch to the adopted IDs at a time mutually convenient.

Corrections and suggestions to identify remaining UI objects are welcome.

Ted Molczan
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« Ответ #11 : 12 Февраль 2011, 19:24:55 »

Final issue geoclass report, issue 13

http://lfvn.astronomer.ru/files/ESAclassificationIssue13.pdf

CLASSIFICATION OF GEOSYNCHRONOUS OBJECTS. ISSUE 13.
by T. Flohrer, R. Choc, and B. Bastida
February 2011 ESOC Robert-Bosch-Str. 5, 64293 Darmstadt, Germany

На стр. 103-104 там отмечено:

4 Table 2: Objects without Two-Line-Element data

The listed orbits are produced from measurements obtained in 2010. They are a joint product of the
wide cooperation of organizations including:
• Center on collection, processing and analysis of information on space debris at the Keldysh Institute
of Applied Mathematics of the Russian Academy of Sciences (KIAM RAS, Moscow, Russia),
• International scientific observation facilities network (ISON) coordinated by KIAM RAS and including
the following observatories:
– Crimean Astrophysical Observatory (Nauchny and Simeiz facilities, Ukraine),
– Ussuriysk Astrophysical Observatory of the Far East branch of the RAS (Gornotayozhnoye,
Russia),
– Terskol observatory of the Institute for Astronomy of the RAS (INASAN) (North Caucasus,
Russia),
– Ulugbek Astronomical Observatory (Kitab facilitiy, Uzbekistan),
– Observation facilities operated by "NPP "Proekt-tekhnika", JSC:
∗ Blagoveshchensk (Amur region, Russia),
∗ Milkovo (Kamchatka peninsula, Russia),
∗ Artem (Primorsky region, Russia),
– Andrushivka Observatory (Ukraine),
– National Astronomical Observatory (Abastumani, Georgia),
– National observatory of Bolivia (Tarija),
– Observation facility of the PGU (Tiraspol),
– Observatory of the Institute for Astrophysics of Tajikistan (Gissar),
– Odessa State University Astronomical Observatory (Mayaki, Ukraine),
– Central (Pulkovo) Astronomical Observatory of the RAS (St.Petersburg, Russia),
• Astronomical Institute of the University of Bern, partner of ISON, operating the Zimmerwald
observatory (Switzerland) and, for space debris observation, the ESA 1 m telescope at the optical
ground station (OGS), Izaña, Tenerife, Spain.
• Joint Italian-Russian telescope FIRST at Collepardo observation facility (Italy)
« Последнее редактирование: 12 Февраль 2011, 23:26:55 от Игорь » Записан
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« Ответ #12 : 13 Февраль 2011, 17:22:43 »

C форума новостей космонавтики:

Если кто не заметил пока, то в новом выпуске классификатора среди прочего отождествлены 3 объекта, которые, как оказалось, к секретным никакого отношения не имеют Улыбка.  А именно:

Бриз-М из запуска 2008-006 - так и не каталогизирован (пока) американцами (ранее в классификаторе числился как UI153)

Бриз-М из запуска 2010-006 - с каталогизацией тоже, видать, есть проблемки 

PAS 6 (1997-040A) (ранее в классификаторе - UI094), потерянный немедленно после увода на орбиту захоронения в апреле 2004 г. Единственный набор TLE, имеющийся для орбиты увода, насколько мне известно, сформирован по данным от операторов КА, а не по реальным наблюдениям американской СККП. В этом причина долгого "не отождествления": период и наклонение в TLE довольно грубые.

Объект, который в итоге отождествлен с PAS 6, наблюдается с 12.04.2004.
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« Ответ #13 : 18 Февраль 2012, 18:03:35 »

Вышел 14-й выпуск классификации:

http://astronomer.ru/images/89/COGO14.pdf
« Последнее редактирование: 25 Февраль 2012, 12:59:51 от addmin » Записан
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« Ответ #14 : 25 Февраль 2013, 20:44:50 »

Вышел 15-й выпуск классификатора: http://astronomer.ru/data/0128/ESAclassification_Issue15.pdf
« Последнее редактирование: 19 Август 2013, 23:39:54 от Игорь » Записан
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